Environmental and
Occupational Health Practice
The Environmental and Occupational Health Practice(EOH-P)is published by the Japan Society for Occupational Health. EOH-P welcoms papers from across the occupational health and allied areas. EOH-P primarily seeks to publish reports on knowledge gained through practice, which has important empirical value for occupational health. It also seeks to publish papers on environment issues.

The Value of Occupational Health Physicians in Maintaining a Safe Working Environment: A Case Study

Occupational health and safety guidelines are implemented to reduce workplace accidents, but their effectiveness depends on their implementation. During the 1970s, Japan passed the Industrial Safety and Health (ISH) Act that authorized occupational health physicians (OHPs) to make recommendations to improve workplace safety. In 2018, the ISH Act was revised to strengthen the effect of the recommendations by requiring companies to document and retain records of the recommendations made by OHPs.

Despite acknowledging the importance of OHPs in creating a safe work environment, small businesses with fewer than 50 employees are not legally required to employ internal OHPs. In most cases, the services are provided by external doctors from the Regional Occupational Health Centers. As a result, there is likely to be a lack of continuity in workplace inspections if the OHPs provided by the centers change. This is a cause for concern given that 96% of all businesses in Japan are small businesses.

In this report, one of the authors shares their first-hand experience as an OHP in a small business and illustrates the often-encountered situation in which workplace safety guidelines are ignored. The author had worked in an office of a company (Company A) that sent a few employees to perform contract work at a factory operated by a different company (Company P). Here, the employees had to use overhead traveling cranes, handle hazardous chemicals, and work at heights. Despite previously receiving recommendations from the site director of the office and an OHP, Company P had not made any safety improvements.

Upon noticing the violations, the author inspected the factory and advised Company P about the measures they needed to take to ensure compliance with safety law. However, Company P failed to implement the legally required safety measures citing a limited budget. Consequently, the violations were brought to the attention of higher management under the provisions of the ISH Act. The recommended safety measures were implemented after the CEOs of both companies got involved.

This case study emphasizes the importance of the 2018 amendments in encouraging companies to implement the safety measures recommended by OHPs. Additionally, it stresses the important role OHPs have in ensuring the safety of contract workers and employees in small businesses.

Link to the original journal article:

Title of the paper

Effective use of an occupational health physician’s formal recommendation to improve the environment for contractors at a small-scale workplace


Kimiyo Mori, Chikage Nagano, Seichi Horie, Motoi Todoroki, Seiji Watanabe



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Journal Info

Online ISSN : 2434-4931
Review process
Average 46.14 days from submission to first decision
Average 120.95 days from submission to acceptance
Impact Factor (2019) : 0000